What Every Fashionista
Should Know

A Celebrity Style Secret


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color=purple>What should every fashionista know about fashion? Are you a clothes horse, a fashion fiend or a style addict? Do you fantasize about walk-in-closets of couture? Is Cher, the fashionista from the movie Clueless as portrayed by Alicia Silverstone, your soul sister? Do you makeover your friends in the latest trends? Or are you an individualist who likes to set the style? Whether you look to the runways for your next wardrobe, or you design your own original ensembles, you can’t get enough of fashion. Maybe you want to break into the fashion industry as a model or a fashion designer. Or maybe you just want to learn the "fashion lingo". You can consider the below lesson, Fashionista 101.



Every fashionista knows some fashion designers' names and what their famous for…

Tom Ford of Gucci is known for very sexy looks, Miuccia Prada of Prada is known for mixing classics with more updated design elements and Marc Jacobs of Marc by Marc Jacobs, is known for vintage-inspired designs.



Every fashionista knows how clothes become labeled as “the latest styles” or what’s “in” for the current season…

Fashion shows showcase the designers' latest creations. The media attends the shows and reports back to their readership on which new styles were at the shows, focusing on the styles they think their audience will like. The clothing stores read these editorials and base their orders for clothes on which of these styles they think their customers will buy. The consumer decides on which of the new styles they like by reading fashion magazines. Celebrities also have influence over which of the new styles catch on because their stylists are the first to know of them. Celebrities are also sent free clothes from designers who hope they will wear them out and be asked who designed them. They therefore get free publicity this way.



Every fashionista knows where the major fashion cities are…

Paris, a fashion city

Milan, New York, and Paris are the three major fashion cities in the world.

Hong Kong, London, Los Angeles, Sao Paolo, Sydney, and Toronto are also considered cities of great fashion designers and manufacturers. Now you know the places where every fashionista dreams of visiting!



Every fashionista knows the basic rules for dressing well...

Every fashionista knows that balance is key. If you have a bold, flashy or detailed element (such as embroidery, bright colors or a shiny fabric) you should balance it with something sedate, classic, or solid colored. A fashionista also knows that you can mix different looks (wear a vintage dress with an edgy modern cuff bracelet, for example).



How can a fashionista break into the world of fashion design?

Becoming a fashion designer requires a good eye for shape, color, and style, knowledge of fabrics and textiles, and the ability to sketch. A 2 to 4 year degree from a fashion design school is recommended. There are many fashion design schools. The most famous is Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design in London, which Stella McCartney attended. The most famous fashion design school in the United States is Parsons The New Schoo for Design in New York City. To find a fashion school near you visit Fashion-school-finder.com.



How can a fashionista become a fashion model?

Do you want to travel to beautiful locations and get paid to wear beautiful couture clothes? Think you don't have "the model look"? Think again. There are many different kinds of models. These include: Commercial models, editorial models, plus size models, glamour models, sports models, promotional models, runway models, and even parts models (i.e. hand models, leg models). We have found a great website where you can learn what the physical requirements are for each model category, how to submit photographs to agencies, and even which agencies to submit to! It also includes modeling information and advice on how to become a model, interviews with top modeling agents, photographers and makeup artists. Click here to link to Models-Fashion-Advice.com



What General Fashion Terms does every Fashionista know?

Couture: High fashion designed by designers. This term especially refers to custom-made clothes, as opposed to off-the-rack clothes. Celebrities often wear couture sent to them by designers. Couture clothes (when the word denotes merely “high fashion”) can also be sold in stores.

Off-the Rack: Clothing that is produced in massive quantities and sold at stores in a variety of sizes.

Vintage: Reminiscent of old-fashioned clothes and styles.



What Fashion Design Element terms does every Fashionista know?

corset

Corset: A close fitting undergarment, that is laced up and down the front, back or sides snuggly to shape the waist, hips, and breasts. These were very popular during the medieval and Victorian times. Now they are mainly used for weddings or for lingerie looks. There are much more comfortable figure shapers available now (like items from Spanx.com). But the corset continues to be romanticized because of its history. Incidentally, the corset shows up in many advertisements in old newspapers with no mention of the fainting that could be induced, if laced too snug, in pursuit of that idealized Scarlet O'Hara eighteen-inch-waist-line of the day (every modern fashionista knows this was crazy!). Another interesting bit of info about corsets: Did you ever wonder why many houses from the 1800s have poles running from the ceiling to the floor in some of the bedrooms? They were there so that the Victorian fashionistas of the house could lean against them while they had their corsets laced up (an event that was often not over in a jiffy).

A-line Skirt

A-line: A way to describe a skirt or dress with a flared hem and a close waist. The garment usually resembles a capital letter “A” in structure.

Empire-waist: This characterizes a waistline that starts several inches above the natural waistline, usually right beneath the breasts.

Drop-waist: This characterizes a waistline that falls several inches below the natural waist line.

Pleated: This is a way to describe a garment that has many permanent folds at about equal lengths apart, such as a pleated skirt.

Princess seams

Princess seams: These are seams that give your garment a form-fitting hour glass shape. They produce a very feminine look.

Bell cuffs: These are flared-bottom cuffs at the end of long sleeves that usually drape beyond the wrist and touch the hands.

camisoles

Camisole: A shorter sleeveless undergarment (the length usually ends around the waist).

Chemise: A longer sleeveless undergarment (the length usually ends around the hips)





What fabric terms does every Fashionista know?

Fabrics Used in Gowns

Chiffon: This is a light-weight plain woven fabric that is extremely sheer and airy. It is usually made of silk and is often used to make scarves or evening dresses.



Silk: This is a smooth luxurious feeling fabric which is made of a material produced by the silkworm when it is constructing its cocoon. It is a protein fiber used in evening dresses, lingerie, and for luxurious sheets.

Satin: This is a fabric weave featuring different fibers (mainly silk). It has a lustrous sheen and a silky feel. It is used mainly in evening and wedding gowns, lingerie and luxurious sheets. This is a very smooth and shiny fabric.

Crepe: This is a soft thin fabric, like silk or cotton for example with a crinkled appearance. It is often used in evening dresses or on skirts.

Lame': This is a woven fabric made with flat gold or silver metal fibers which create a metallic sheen. It is used in evening gowns.

Velvet: A fabric with a dense pile, plain underside and ultra smooth surface. Velvet is often used in evening dresses. In panne velvet the pile has been flattened in one direction.

Tulle: This is a machine-made light-weight netting that usually features octagonal shapes. It is found mainly in veils and dance costumes.

Taffeta: A lustrous woven fabric that is crisp and smooth, and often used in formal wear. This fabric gives dresses a lot of body. Silk taffeta gives the most rustle but taffetas could be made out of other fibers as well.

Organza: A sheer, stiff fabric of silk or synthetic material used in formal wear. This is also a very shiny fabric.

Jacguard: A fabric with an intricately woven pattern.

Brocade: A type of heavy jacguard fabric with a raised intricate pattern or floral design. This is commonly used on vests, jackets, upholstery, draperies, and evening wear.



Pattern Fabrics

Gingham

Gingham: This is usually thought of as small-scale checkered pattern (usually in a pastel color with white) but according to the Merriam Webster Dictionary it is actually a clothing fabric, usually of yarn-dyed cotton in plain weave.

Madras: This is not a pattern but a “fine plain-woven shirting and dress fabric usually of cotton with varied designs (mainly plaid) in bright colors or in white” as per the Merriam-Webster dictionary.

Plaid

Plaid: Most people think plaid is a type of pattern, but it is actually a type of fabric. From the Merriam-Webster dictionary plaid is “a twilled woolen fabric with a tartan pattern” or an “imitation of a tartan patter”. Tartan is actually the name for the pattern. Tartan in the Merriam-Webster dictionary is described as a “pattern of unevenly spaced repeated stripes crossing at right angles”.



Natural Fibers

Cotton: This is a plant fiber fabric. It is good to wear on a hot day because it “breathes” and is light. It can shrink in the dryer. It is commonly used on t-shirts and in underwear.

Linen: This is a fabric made of the plant fiber from flax (an herb with blue flowers), with long plant fibers, whereas cotton has short fibers. It is commonly used in light weight clothing such as undershirts, chemises, lingerie or for sheets.

Denim: This is a durable, firm, usually cotton twilled (a type of diagonal textile weave) fiber used in jeans and denim jackets.

Wool- A Natural Fabric with many different sources

This is a protein fiber, that is made of the soft hair of several type of animals, the most popular type of wool being that from sheep. Some wool is coarse and can feel itchy on the skin, while some are very soft.

Wool Specialty Fibers: Wool is further classified by what animal the supply of fiber comes from. The below list sorts the wool story out for you:

Alpaca Fleece: This fabric comes from the fine, long hair of the alpaca (a type of llama) and is silky-soft.

Mohair: This fabric is made of the yarn from the longest silkiest hairs of the angora goat. Mohair’s sheen determines its value. Many other fabric types used for sweaters are judged by their softness.

Angora: This is a soft wool made from either the angora rabbit or angora goat. It is used in sweaters, and mittens.

Camel

Camel: Camel hair is very soft, fine hair from the undercoat of the camel. It can be used in overcoats, sportswear and sport socks. The fabric color is usually natural camel or dyed dark brown. It can keep you warm like wool.

Cashmere: This is a very soft fabric. It is made of Kasrmir goat hair. Separating the soft fibers from the coarse ones is a not an easy task. This is why cashmere is expensive and known as a “great gift”. You can mix cotton or silk into the cashmere mix.

Vicuna: This is the softest type of coat cloth . There is hardly any coarse hair to be separated from the soft hair and therefore the result is the finest animal fiber. Vicuna is a type of Llama. But unfortunately the vicuna is hunted for its fibers. The fabric is also extremely expensive.



Man Made Fibers:

Acetate: This is made from cellulose (wood fibers).

Rayon: This is a regenerated cellulose fiber which is almost pure cellulose.

Nylon: This is a polyamide made from petroleum.

Acrylic: This fabric is made from natural gas and petroleum.

Polyester: This is a polymer produced from coal, air, water, and petroleum products.







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